Anti-Doping Rule Violation

What is doping?

Doping is not just a positive test. It is defined as the occurrence of one or more of the following anti-doping rule violations (ADRVs). 

- Presence of a Prohibited Substance or its Metabolites or Markers in an Athlete's Sample.

- Use or Attempted Use by an Athlete of a Prohibited Substance or a Prohibited Method

- Evading, Refusing or Failing to Submit to Sample Collection by an Athlete

- Whereabouts Failures by an Athlete 

- Tampering or Attempted Tampering with any part of Doping Control by an Athlete or Other Person

- Possession of a Prohibited Substance or a Prohibited Method by an Athlete or Athlete Support Personnel

- Trafficking or Attempted Trafficking in any Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method by an Athlete or Other Person

- Administration or Attempted Administration by an Athlete or Other Person to any Athlete In-Competition of any Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method, or Administration or Attempted Administration to any Athlete Out-of-Competition of any Prohibited Substance or any Prohibited Method that is prohibited Out-of-Competition.

- Complicity or Attempted Complicity by an Athlete or Other Person

- Prohibited Association by an Athlete or Other Person with a sanctioned Athlete Support Personnel

- Acts by an Athlete or Other Person to Discourage or Retaliate Against Reporting to Authorities

NB: All 11 ADRVs apply to athlete and 7 apply to Athlete Support Personnel or other person.

For recent cases and the list of suspended athletes, please refer to the page Recent Cases