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Rules and Regulation

BL 9.3 Entries

BL 9.3.1
a) Each Federation concerned must confirm its desire to take part in the World Championships to the Organising Federation at least four (4) months before the beginning of the Championships with a copy to the FINA Office. Forms for confirmation shall be distributed to all Members of FINA to reach them at least one (1) month in advance of the required date.
b) Thirty (30) days before: Final confirmation by each Federation of the actual number of male and female competitors they will be sending.

BL 9.3.2 For Olympic Games, entries shall be made on official forms signed by the Secretary of the respective National Olympic Committee and delivered to the Organising Committee of the Country holding the Games, on or before the date determined by the International Olympic Committee. The Honorary Secretary of FINA or his deputy shall claim these entries at least seven (7) days before the start of the first competition.

BL 9.3.3 For World Championships, entries shall be made on official entry forms signed by the Secretary of the respective Member and delivered to the Organising Committee on or before the date determined by FINA. The Honorary Secretary of FINA or his deputy shall claim these entries at least five (5) days before the start of the first competition.

BL 9.3.4
BL 9.3.4.1 Competitors entered for Diving, Water Polo, and Synchronised Swimming cannot swim relay events, and those entered for Swimming, Diving, and Synchronised Swimming cannot be used as Water Polo reserves, with the proviso that one and the same swimmer could compete in Water Polo as well as other Swimming competitions, if officially entered for such competitions.
BL 9.3.4.2 Each competitor at World Championships and FINA competitions must wear on the chest over their tracksuit such advertising as supplied by FINA when being introduced prior to the start of each event and during the victory ceremony.

BL 9.3.5 At least seven (7) days before the commencement of the Olympic Games or the World Championships, the Secretaries of the Members sending competitors shall forward to the Organising Committee of the Country hosting the competition a list of any competitors entered who are not starting, so that the non starters may be eliminated from the entries.

BL 9.3.6 Swimming
BL 9.3.6.1 For each individual event at the World Championships, the FINA Bureau will establish Standard Entry Times in two levels: “A” and “B”, of which “B” shall be easier to achieve.

a) Standard Entry Times can only be achieved in competitions approved for that purpose by FINA.

b) For each individual event at the World Championships, each National Federation may enter a maximum of two (2) competitors. To enter two (2) swimmers in the same event, both of them must have achieved the “A” Standard Entry Time.

c) To enter one (1) swimmer in an event, the competitor must have achieved at least the “B” Standard Entry Time.

d) Swimmers having achieved only one (1) “A” or one “B” entry time are entitled to enter one (1) additional event. The additional individual event must be in an event where no other swimmer from the National Federation has been entered.

BL 9.3.6.2 At the World Championships, National Federations may enter swimmers who have not achieved either Standard Entry Time as follows:

a) With no swimmers who have achieved the “A” or “B” Standard Entry Time: National Federations may enter up to four (4) swimmers, two (2) men and two (2) women.

b) With one (1) or two (2) swimmers who has achieved the “A” or “B” Standard Entry Time: National Federations may enter up to a maximum of four (4) swimmers (two (2) men and two (2) women), and with three (3) swimmers who have achieved the “A” or “B” Standard Entry Time, one (1) additional swimmer provided that both genders are represented.

c) The swimmers who have not achieved either Standard Entry Time will only be permitted to enter up to two (2) individual events each.

d) An individual entry for a swimmer without an “A” or “B” Standard Entry Time must be in an event where no other swimmer from the National federation has been entered.

BL 9.3.6.3 At the World Championships, each National Federation may enter only one (1) team in each relay. All swimmers entered in individual events can be used in relays, even if they have not achieved an “A” or “B” Standard Entry Time for the corresponding stroke and distance of the relay in which they are entered. Each National Federation may enter additional swimmers for relays only, provided that they have achieved the “B” Standard Entry Time for the corresponding stroke and distance of the relay in which they are entered. Any additional swimmers must be within the maximum quota of swimmers for the event.

The following formula shall apply: 

• One (1) Relay - two (2) additional swimmers

• Two (2) Relays - four (4) additional swimmers

• Three (3) Relays - six (6) additional swimmers

• Four (4) Relays - eight (8) additional swimmers

• Five (5) Relays - ten (10) additional swimmers

• Six (6) or more Relays - twelve (12) additional swimmers

BL 9.3.6.4 For each individual event at the Olympic Games, the FINA Bureau will establish Standard Entry Times of two types: an “Olympic Qualifying Time” (OQT) and a "FINA/Olympic Selection Time,” of which the "FINA/Olympic Selection Time” shall be easier to achieve. Standard entry times can only be achieved in competitions approved for that purpose by FINA.

BL 9.3.6.4.1 Olympic Qualifying Time (OQT)
For each individual event at the Olympic Games, each National Federation/NOC may enter a maximum of two (2) competitors. To enter two swimmers in the same event, both swimmers must have achieved the “Olympic Qualifying Time.” To enter one swimmer in an event, the competitor must have achieved at least the OQT or must have achieved the “FINA/Olympic Selection Time,” and be invited by FINA to compete.

Swimmers who achieve the “Olympic Qualifying Time” in one or more individual events are automatically qualified to participate in the Olympic Games.

BL 9.3.6.4.2 FINA/Olympic Selection Time
After determining the number of swimmers who have achieved the Olympic Qualifying Time, the number of swimmers entered in relays and the number of swimmers of National Federations/NOCs who have not achieved either Standard Entry Time based on BL 9.6.3.5, swimmers with the FINA/Olympic Selection Times may be invited. The number of invitations will be determined by the athlete quota/target established by the International Olympic Committee.
Swimmers who achieve the “FINA/Olympic Selection Time” are eligible to be invited to participate in the Olympic Games and will be invited to compete in the Olympic Games until the IOC quota/target is reached. FINA will invite swimmers with FINA/Olympic Selection Times to participate based upon the following:
• In individual events, swimmers will be compared to an Olympic Games Qualification Rankings compiled from 1 March 2015 through 1 July 2016, using only FINA-approved competitions, with only two athletes per country permitted into the rankings (if a country has more than two, those additional athletes will not be included).
• Those athletes with the highest Olympic Games Qualification ranking will be invited first until the IOC quota/target is reached.
• Should there be a tie in selection of the IOC quota/target, all athletes who are tied will have their times compared to the FINA Points Table from 1 January 2016, and those athletes with the highest point scores will be invited first until the IOC quota/target is reached. For example, if there are three spots remaining, and five athletes tie in the Olympic Games Qualification ranking placing, those athletes’ times will be given a point score and the athletes with the top three FINA Point Table scores will be invited to participate at the Olympic Games.
The priority order for qualification into the Olympic Games will be:
• All athletes with Olympic Qualifying Times
• Athletes on relays
• Universality athletes
• Invited athletes who have achieved a FINA/Olympic Selection Time

BL 9.3.6.4.3 NFs/NOCs without qualified athletes – Universality
National Federations/NOCs with no swimmers who have achieved either Standard Entry Time may enter one (1) man and one (1) woman (Universality), provided that those swimmers participated in the 16th FINA World Championships – Kazan 2015 and are invited by FINA to compete.

BL 9.3.6.5 In the Olympic Games, not more than sixteen (16) teams can be entered in each relay competition. The top twelve (12) finishers at the 16th FINA World Championships – Kazan 2015 shall be qualified based upon the results achieved in the heats. The four (4) other teams shall be selected by FINA on the basis of the fastest times achieved in the fifteen-month period before the Olympic Games (1 March 2015 through 1 June 2016) in competitions approved for that purpose by FINA. If any qualified teams are not able to participate for any reason, available slots will be filled on the basis of next fastest times achieved in the fifteen-month period before the Olympic Games in competitions approved for that purpose by FINA. Individual times may not be aggregated for relay qualification purposes.

Each National Federation/NOC may enter only one (1) team in each relay event. All swimmers entered in individual events can be used in relays, even if they have not achieved the FINA/Olympic Invitational Time for the corresponding stroke and distance of the relay in which they are entered.

Each National Federation/NOC may enter additional swimmers for relays only, provided that they have achieved the “FINA/Olympic Invitational Time” for the corresponding stroke and distance of the relay in which they are entered.

• One (1) Relay - two (2) additional swimmers
• Two (2) Relays - four (4) additional swimmers
• Three (3) Relays - six (6) additional swimmers
• Four (4) Relays - eight (8) additional swimmers
• Five (5) Relays - ten (10) additional swimmers
• Six (6) Relays - twelve (12) additional swimmers
If an NOC enters relay-only swimmers for a specific event, these swimmers must swim either in the heat or final of that relay event. Should a relay-only swimmer not compete, this will lead to the disqualification of the respective team.

BL 9.3.6.6 Electronic Entries
• Entries for the FINA World Championships, the FINA World Swimming Championships (25m), and the FINA World Junior Swimming Championships and other FINA Swimming events shall be made electronically, when available.

• FINA will maintain a listing of times achieved during the qualification period, called the FINA Rankings.

• National Federations will enter swimmers and relay teams using the FINA Rankings as the entry time for seeding purposes. Where no valid time information is recorded in the FINA Rankings, the swimmer or relay team will be entered with no time.

• Only valid times included in the FINA Rankings at the date of the deadline for entries and achieved within the qualification period can be accepted as entry times.

• When all entries are completed, the National Federation must transmit the entry list to the FINA Office in accordance with the established entry deadline.

• The heats, semi-finals and finals shall be arranged in accordance with Rule SW 3, under the supervision of the Technical Swimming Committee.

BL 9.3.6.7 The composition of a relay team may be changed between heats and finals of an event. When preliminaries are swum, medals shall be awarded to those swimmers who swam in the heats and the final race.

BL 9.3.6.8 The names of swimmers actually swimming on a relay must be submitted at least one hour before the start of the session in which the event is to take place, in the order in which they are to swim. The names of swimmers in medley relay events must be listed for their respective strokes.

BL 9.3.6.9 Each Member may enter a maximum number of twenty-six (26) men and twenty-six (26) women swimmers.

BL 9.3.6.10 The heats, semi-finals and finals shall be arranged in accordance with Rule SW 3, under the supervision of the Technical Swimming Committee.

BL 9.3.6.11 The entry list shall be published at least four (4) days before the first day of competition.

BL 9.3.6.12 In every event, in the Olympic Games and World Championships, including 800m and 1500m Freestyle for women and 800m and 1500m Freestyle for men, competitors shall be seeded for the heats in accordance with the times submitted on the official entry form.
Swimmers shall be advanced to semi-finals and finals on the basis of their times in the heats and semi-finals.
In the World Swimming Championships (25m) and World Junior Swimming Championships, the 800m Freestyle for women and the 1500m Freestyle for men may at the discretion of the Bureau be conducted on a timed final basis with the fastest heat only conducted during the finals session.
In distances of 50m, 100m and 200m, heats, semi-finals and finals will be held. At the World Swimming Championships (25m) and World Junior Swimming Championships events of 200 m and above only heats and finals will take place.

BL 9.3.7 Open Water Swimming

BL 9.3.7.1 Entries

For the Olympic Games and the World Championships each member may enter a maximum of two (2) males and two (2) females per individual event. For team events in the World Championships, the member can enter only one (1) team per event. Only swimmers who are entered in individual events at the World Championships can take part in the Team Event. Withdrawals can be made up to and including the Teams Technical Meeting but no substitution is permitted.

BL 9.3.7.2 Numbering of swimmers
The numbering of athletes is to appear on the arms, upper backs and hands of competitors. On the arms the numbers shall be arranged vertically. On the upper backs and hands the numbering is horizontally. The numbering of the arms and backs is made with an ink template: 100 mm high x 60 mm wide. The numbering of the hands of competitors is allowed by marking pens. For athletes with darker skin and full body swim suits a white marker pen will be required.

BL 9.3.7.3 Identification

In all Open Water events it is mandatory for the head or cap to display on each side the "national-three letter code" and may display the swimmer’s national flag. The country code shall be a minimum of 0.048m  in height.

BL 9.3.7.4 Finish Approach 

For Olympic Games, World Championships and all FINA events, the Finish Approach (OWS 7.1) is part of the course, and swimmers shall remain within the rows of buoys throughout their approach to the Finish. 

BL 9.3.7.5 Events

5 km Team Event as Time Trial

a) A team shall consist of three (3) swimmers, either one (1) man and two (2) women or two (2) men and one (1) woman.

b) Every team shall start with all swimmers together thirty (30) seconds after the preceding team.

c) The allocation of starting positions shall be taken from automatic random draw. The ranking shall be decided by the individual time achieved by the third swimmer of the team. Only one team per NF is allowed.

BL 9.3.7.6 OLYMPIC GAMES 

BL 9.3.7.6.1 Events 

Only events in 10 km will be held for both Men and Women. 

BL 9.3.7.6.2 The Start 

For Olympic Games the start shall be from a fixed platform.

BL 9.3.7.6.3 Qualification for Rio 2016 Olympic Games 

1. 16th FINA World Championships - Kazan 2015 

The first ten (10) finalists from the 10 km event – men and women – will qualify. 20 Marathon Swimmers (10 Men & 10 Women) 

2. FINA Olympic Marathon Swim Qualifier 2016 

Only NF/NOC not having qualified swimmers through point 1 above may elect to send two (2) athletes per event. Each NF/NOC will qualify only one (1) athlete per event. 18 Marathon Swimmers (9 Men & 9 Women) 

Continental Representation 

The first eligible finisher in the 10 km event – Men and Women – from each of five (5) Continents will qualify. 10 Marathon Swimmers (5 Men & 5 Women) 

In the event that a NF/NOC has previously qualified one (1) or two (2) swimmers, the selection process will move to the next eligible finisher in the FINA Olympic Marathon Swim Qualifier event to ensure that each of these competitions yields a competitor. 

Host Nation 

One (1) male and one (1) female marathon swimmer from the host nation if not previously qualified, will qualify. 2 Marathon Swimmers (1 Man & 1 Woman).

If the host nation qualifies two (2) athletes through the Point 1 above or one (1) athlete through the Points above, than this slot will be added to Point 2 and allow it to yield an additional 10th qualification. 

BL 9.3.7.7 WORLD JUNIOR CHAMPIONSHIPS 

BL 9.3.7.7.1 Age Groups as at 31st December of the year of the competition 

• 14-15 years Boys and Girls 

• 16-17 years Boys and Girls 

• 18-19 years Boys and Girls

BL 9.3.7.7.2 Individual Events 

• 14-15  years 5 km Boys and Girls 

• 16-17 years 7.5 km Boys and Girls 

• 18-19 years 10 km Boys and Girls

BL 9.3.7.7.3 Competition Programme

• Day 1

AM 14-15 years 5 km

PM 16-17 years 7.5 km

 • Day 2

AM 18-19 years 10 km

• Day 3

AM 14-16 years Relay Event

PM Open Relay Event

BL 9.3.7.7.4 Team Relay Events

• Each swimmer shall complete a lap of 1.25 km.

• Swimmers may swim in any sequence, but may only swim once.

• All teams will start together.

• Starting order on the platform will be by random draw.

• There shall be a change-over zone of a minimum of 5 m in width.

• Changeovers shall be made with the following swimmer in the water in their starting position holding the platform.

• Change-overs shall be made with an obvious visible touch between the swimmers making the change.

• Swimmers may enter the change-over zone when the previous swimmer is approaching the zone and leave the water immediately at the conclusion of their lap.

• Swimmers shall all wear team caps of the same colour and style.

BL 9.3.7.7.5 Entries

• Team event consists of 4 swimmers, 2 males & 2 females.

• One Team per federation per event.

• Teams events in 14-15-16; & U/19. Swimmers may only swim one team event.

BL 9.3.8 Diving 

BL 9.3.8.1 At the Olympic Games and the World Championships, in springboard and platform Diving contests only dives prescribed by the FINA Rules for Diving shall be executed. 

BL 9.3.8.2 World Championships 

Each Member may enter a maximum of two (2) competitors, regardless of standards, for each individual event and one (1) team of two (2) competitors for each synchronised diving event.

2016 Olympic Qualification System: 

Phase I 

16th FINA World Championships - Kazan 2015 

Individual Diving Events: 3 Metre and 10 Metre Men and Women 

12 Finalists (earned qualification positions for their NF/NOC) 

Synchronised Diving Events: 3 Metre and 10 Metre Men and Women 

Top Three (3) Finalists plus the Host Nation (BRA) 

Phase II 

The Champion in each of the Continental Championships so designated to FINA and conducted in 2015 or 2016 but prior to the 20th FINA Diving World Cup 2016 shall earn a position for his/her National Federation / NOC. 

Phase III 

FINA World Cup 2016, Rio (BRA) 

Individual Diving Events: 3 Metre and 10 Metre Men and Women 

18 Semi-Finalists (earned qualification positions for their NF/NOC to a maximum of two (2) per NF/NOC) 

To qualify for the remaining ranked placings for the Individual events, up to a maximum of (34) divers, will be determined from the preliminary events, 19th places and higher. 

Synchronised Diving Events: 3 Metre and 10 Metre Men and Women 

Top Four (4) placed teams, excluding those teams previously qualified in Phase I.

BL 9.3.8.3.1.1 Following the conclusion of the 20th FINA Diving World Cup 2016 and not later than fourteen (14) days thereafter each National Federation/NOC will be notified the number of divers that National Federation/NOC may enter in the Olympic Games. The total number of divers to be entered shall not to exceed one hundred and thirty six (136). 

BL 9.3.8.3.1.2 No later than thirty (30) days prior to the closing deadline for the receipt of entries by the Olympic Games Organising Committee, the National Federation/NOC shall advise FINA the number of the allowed divers that the National Federation / NOC will enter in each event. If a diver will be entered both as a team member in synchronised diving and as an individual competitor on the same height, that diver should only be counted as one person. (Example: If both synchronised divers in springboard also compete individually in springboard, the total number of springboard divers shall be reported as two (2)). 

BL 9.3.8.3.2 Synchronised Diving (Springboard and Platform) 

There shall be eight (8) synchronised diving teams in each event. 

Synchronised diving teams shall be qualified by National Federation / NOC according to the following: 

a) The first three (3) teams from the 16th FINA World Championships - Kazan 2015 

b) One (1) team from the Host Country

FINA By Laws, valid as of 2.03.2015 21 

c) The first four (4) additional teams from the 20th FINA Diving World Cup 2016 

If any of the eight (8) qualified teams withdraws it shall be replaced by the next ranked team at the 20th FINA Diving World Cup 2016. If so, in accordance with FINA Office, the substitution shall be announced by FINA latest 30 days prior the event starts. 

BL 9.3.8.3.3 Individual Diving (Springboard and Platform) 

BL 9.3.8.3.3.1 All divers participating in individual events must meet the FINA Diving Qualifying Requirements as specified in BL 9.3.8.3.3.4. 

BL 9.3.8.3.3.2 A National Federation / NOC is limited to entering a maximum of two (2) divers in each individual event. 

BL 9.3.8.3.3.3 There shall be a maximum of thirty-four (34) divers - participating in each individual event. 

BL 9.3.8.3.3.4 Individual divers shall be qualified by National Federation / NOC according to the following: 

a) The first twelve (12) finalists in each individual event from 16th FINA World Championships - Kazan 2015 shall earn a position for his/her National Federation / NOC. 

b) The Champion in each of the Continental Championships so designated to FINA and conducted in 2015 or 2016 but prior to the 20th FINA Diving World Cup 2016 shall earn a position for his/her National Federation / NOC. 

c) Additional divers up to a maximum of thirty-four (34) in each event according to their ranking from the 20th FINA Diving World Cup 2016 shall earn a position for his/her National Federation / NOC.

BL 9.3.8.3.3.5 If a diver qualified in accordance with BL 9.3.8.3.3.4 has not been entered to the Olympic Games a substitute shall be selected according to the same rule to the extent that the aggregate of all entries (Synchronised Diving and Individual Diving) does not exceed one hundred and thirty six (136). 

BL 9.3.9 Synchronised Swimming 

BL 9.3.9.1 For Olympic Games, team routines shall consist of eight (8) competitors. The total number of competitors entered by each Federation (unless otherwise specified) may not exceed nine (9) competitors. 

For World Championships and FINA competitions, team routines shall consist of eight (8) competitors and ten (10) for Free Combination. For FINA competitions, the total number of competitors entered by each Federation (unless otherwise specified) may not exceed twelve (12) competitors. For World Championships, the total number of competitors entered by each Federation (unless otherwise specified) may not exceed fourteen (14) competitors including maximum two male competitors only if the Federation enters Mixed Duets.

BL 9.3.8.3 Olympic Games 

BL 9.3.8.3.1 General 

An NF/NOC may enter up to two (2) divers for each individual event (springboard or platform) and up to two (2) divers in each synchronised diving event (springboard or platform) on the same height, for which the divers and/or federation team is qualified.

BL 9.3.9.2 Each Member may enter one Solo Tech, one Solo Free, one Duet Tech, one Duet Free, one Mixed Duet Tech, one Mixed Duet Free, one Team Tech, one Team Free and one Free Combination in the World Championships and subject to IOC approval in the Olympic Games. 

BL 9.3.9.3 World Championships events 

Solo, Technical Routine 

Solo, Free Routine 

Duet, Technical Routine 

Duet, Free Routine 

Mixed Duet, Technical Routine 

Mixed Duet, Free Routine 

Team, Technical Routine 

Team, Free Routine 

Combination 

BL 9.3.9.4 Olympic Qualifying Tournament 

In the year of the Olympic Games, or as close as possible to the Olympic Games, a Qualifying Tournament shall be held.

BL 9.3.9.5 Olympic Games 

BL 9.3.9.5.1 Teams 

The Olympic competition shall be for a maximum of eight (8) teams selected in the following manner: 

a) Automatically one (1) team from the Continental Championships of the five (5) continents. The Host Country will be representative of that continent. 

b) The other three (3) teams shall qualify from the Olympic Games Qualifying Tournament in Synchronised Swimming in the year of the Olympic Games. 

c) If for any reason qualified teams do not wish to participate in the Olympic Games, then the next ranked team(s) from the Olympic Games Qualifying Tournament shall be invited to attend. 

BL 9.3.9.5.2 Duets 

The competition shall be for a maximum of twenty-four (24) duets selected in the following manner: 

a) The Host Country automatically qualifies 

b) One (1) duet from the Continental Championships of the five (5) continents. 

c) Eight (8) duets from the teams qualified as above 

d) Plus the next ranked duets from the Olympic Games Qualifying Tournament. 

e) If for any reason a qualified duet does not wish to participate in the Olympic Games then the next ranked duet(s) from the Olympic Games Qualifying Tournament shall be invited to attend.

BL 9.3.10 Water Polo 

For Water Polo, an entry of a maximum of thirteen (13) players may be accepted. 

BL 9.3.10.1 Qualification for Olympic Games Men

BL 9.3.10.1.1 The competition shall be between a maximum of twelve (12) teams selected in the following manner: 

BL 9.3.10.1.2 The first team from the preceding year’s World League. If this team has already qualified as the continental representative (BL 9.3.10.1.4) then the next ranked team from the World League qualifies. 

BL 9.3.10.1.3 The first two (2) teams from the preceding World Championships. If any one of these two (2) teams has already qualified as the continental representative (BL 9.3.10.1.4) or from the preceding year’s World League (BL 9.3.10.1.2) the next ranked team from the World Championships qualifies. 

BL 9.3.10.1.4 Automatically one (1) team from the Continental Championships of the five (5) continents or if already qualified at the preceding year’s World League (BL 9.3.10.1.2) or at the 16th FINA World Championships - Kazan 2015 (BL 9.3.10.1.3), then the next ranked team from the continental championships will qualify. 

BL 9.3.10.1.5 The Host Country will automatically qualify

BL 9.3.10.1.6 The other three (3) teams are to come from the highest placed teams at the Olympic Games Qualification Tournament - Men. 

BL 9.3.10.1.7 If, for any reason, no team enters from a continent, or if there is an unfilled vacancy from among the teams qualified from the preceding year’s World League or preceding World Championship, the next ranking team(s) will then be taken in order from their placing at the Olympic Games Qualification Tournament - Men. 

BL 9.3.10.1.8 FINA has authority to amend BL 9.3.10.1 and list in chronological order to reflect the qualification of teams in accordance with the timing of FINA Events.

BL 9.3.10.2 Olympic Games Qualification Tournament - Men 

BL 9.3.10.2.1 The competition shall be between a maximum of twelve (12) teams selected through continental qualification tournaments or continental championships in the following manner: 

BL 9.3.10.2.2 The twelve (12) teams from the continents shall be selected according to the following formula: Europe - 5; Americas - 3; Asia - 2; Africa - 1; and Oceania - 1. The Host Country will be considered to be a representative from that Continent. 

BL 9.3.10.2.3 The highest qualifying team(s) from the continental qualification tournament or continental championship shall be entitled to represent that continent; if any teams do not accept, then the next highest ranking team willing to accept and participate in the Olympic Games Qualification Tournament shall qualify.

BL 9.3.10.2.4 If there is an unfilled vacancy from a continent, then that vacancy shall be filled by the next highest placed team(s) from the continental qualification tournament or continental championship with the following rotation: host continent of the Olympic Games Qualification Tournament, Americas, Asia, Europe, Oceania and Africa. 

BL 9.3.10.3 Qualification for Olympic Games - Women 

BL 9.3.10.3.1 The competition shall be for a maximum of eight (8) teams selected in the following manner: 

BL 9.3.10.3.2 Automatically one (1) team from the Continental Championships of the five (5) continents. The Host Country will be the representative of that continent. 

BL 9.3.10.3.3 The other three (3) teams qualify from the Olympic Games Qualification Tournament - Women 

BL 9.3.10.3.4 If for any reason, qualified teams do not wish to participate in the Olympic Games, the next ranking team(s) will then be taken in order from their placing at the Olympic Games Qualification Tournament - Women

BL 9.3.10.4 Olympic Games Qualification Tournament - Women 

BL 9.3.10.4.1 The competition shall be between a maximum of twelve (12) teams selected through continental qualification tournaments or continental championships. 

BL 9.3.10.4.2 The twelve (12) teams from the continents shall be selected according to the following formula: Europe - 5; Americas - 3; Asia - 2; Africa - 1; and Oceania - 1. The Host Country will be considered to be a representative from that Continent. 

BL 9.3.10.4.3 The highest qualifying team(s) from the continental qualification tournament or continental championship shall be entitled to represent that continent; if any teams do not accept, then the next highest ranking team willing to accept and participate in the Olympic Games Qualification Tournament shall qualify. 

BL 9.3.10.4.4 If there is an unfilled vacancy from a continent, then that vacancy shall be filled by the next highest placed team(s) from the continental qualification tournament or continental championship with the following rotation: host continent of the Olympic Games Qualification Tournament, Americas, Asia, Europe, Oceania and Africa. 

BL 9.3.10.5 Qualification for World Championships - Men 

BL 9.3.10.5.1 The competition shall be between a maximum of sixteen (16) teams selected in the following manner:

BL 9.3.10.5.2 The four (4) highest ranking teams from the preceding World Cup or Olympic Games, two (2) highest ranking teams from the preceding year’s World League, one (1) team from the host country and nine (9) teams from the five (5) continents to be selected through continental qualification tournaments or continental championships. The nine (9) teams from the continents shall be selected according to the following formula: Europe - 3; Americas - 2; Asia - 2; Africa - 1; and Oceania - 1. 

BL 9.3.10.5.3 If any one of the teams qualified from the preceding year’s World League are in the first four (4) from the preceding World Cup or Olympic Games, the next ranked team from that World Cup or Olympic Games qualifies. 

BL 9.3.10.5.4 The highest qualifying team(s) from the continental qualification tournament or continental championships shall be entitled to represent that continent; if any team does not accept, then the next highest ranking team willing to accept and participate in the World Championships shall qualify. 

BL 9.3.10.5.5 If the host country is already included in the four (4) highest ranking teams from the preceding World Cup or Olympic Games, then that entry position shall be filled by the next highest placed team from that World Cup or Olympic Games. 

BL 9.3.10.5.6 If another of the four (4) highest ranking teams from the preceding World Cup or Olympic Games or one (1) of the two (2) highest ranking teams from the preceding year’s World League does not enter, then that position shall be filled from the next highest placed team from that World Cup or Olympic Games.

BL 9.3.10.5.7 If no team enters from a continent or if there is an unfilled vacancy from among the teams qualifying from the preceding World Cup, Olympic Games or preceding year’s World League, then each vacancy for that World Championship shall be filled by the next highest placed team(s) from the continental qualification tournament or continental championships with the following rotation: Asia, Americas, Europe, Oceania and Africa. 

BL 9.3.10.6 Qualification for World Championships - Women 

BL 9.3.10.6.1 The competition shall be between a maximum of sixteen (16) teams selected in the following manner: 

BL 9.3.10.6.2 The four (4) highest ranking teams from the preceding World Cup or Olympic Games, two (2) highest ranking teams from the preceding year’s World League, one (1) team from the host country and nine (9) teams from the five (5) continents to be selected through continental qualification tournaments or continental championships. The nine (9) teams from the continents shall be selected according to the following formula: Europe - 3; Americas - 2; Asia - 2; Africa - 1; and Oceania - 1. 

BL 9.3.10.6.3 If any one of the teams qualified from the preceding year’s World League are in the first four (4) from the preceding World Cup or Olympic Games, the next ranked team from that World Cup or Olympic Games qualifies.

BL 9.3.10.6.4 The highest qualifying team(s) from the continental qualification tournament or continental championships shall be entitled to represent that continent; if any team does not accept, then the next highest ranking team willing to accept and participate in the World Championships shall qualify. 

BL 9.3.10.6.5 If the host country is already included in the four (4) highest ranking teams from the preceding World Cup or Olympic Games, then that entry position shall be filled by the next highest placed team from that World Cup or Olympic Games. 

BL 9.3.10.6.6 If another of the four (4) highest ranking teams from the preceding World Cup or Olympic Games or one (1) of the two (2) highest ranking teams from the preceding year’s World League does not enter, then that position shall be filled from the next highest placed team from that World Cup or Olympic Games. 

BL 9.3.10.6.7 If no team enters from a continent or if there is an unfilled vacancy from among the teams qualifying from the preceding World Cup or Olympic Games or preceding year’s World League, then each vacancy for that World Championship shall be filled by the next highest placed team(s) from the continental qualification tournament or continental championship with the following rotation: Asia, Americas, Europe, Oceania and Africa.

BL 9.3.10.7 World Junior Championships - Men (Age as in WPAG 2) - 20 years and under 

BL 9.3.10.7.1 The competition may be between either a maximum of sixteen (16) teams or a maximum of twenty (20) teams. 

BL 9.3.10.7.2 For a sixteen team (16) competition, the competition must occur at one site; for a twenty (20) team competition, the competition may occur at two (2) sites in one country. A host may bid for either a system (16) team or a twenty (20) team competition. The host country will be responsible for the transportation of the teams from one site to another as required. This transportation will be at the expense of the host country. 

BL 9.3.10.7.3 In the case of a maximum sixteen (16) team competition, the teams shall include the highest ranking team from the preceding World Junior Championships with the remaining teams selected through continental qualification tournaments or continental championships according to the following formula: Host - 1; Europe - 6; Americas - 4; Asia - 2; Oceania - 2 and Africa -1. The highest ranking team from the preceding World Junior Championships will be considered to be a representative of that continent for the purpose of the formula. 

BL 9.3.10.7.4 In the case of a maximum twenty (20) team competition, the teams shall include the highest ranking team from the preceding World Junior Championships with the remaining teams selected through continental qualification tournaments or continental qualification tournaments or continental championships according to the following formula: Host - 1; Europe - 7;

Americas - 5; Asia - 3; Africa - 2; and Oceania - 2. The highest ranking team from the preceding World Junior Championships will be considered to be a representative of that continent for the purpose of the formula. 

BL 9.3.10.7.5 The highest qualifying team(s) from the continental qualification tournament or continental championships shall be entitled to represent that continent; if any team does not accept, then the next highest ranking team willing to accept and participate in the World Junior Championships shall qualify. 

BL 9.3.10.7.6 For a maximum sixteen (16) team competition, if there is an unfilled vacancy from a continent, then that vacancy shall be filled by the next highest placed team(s) from the continental qualification tournament or continental championship with the following rotation: Asia, Americas, Europe, Oceania and Africa. 

BL 9.3.10.7.7 For a maximum of twenty (20) team competition, if there is an unfilled vacancy from a continent, then that vacancy shall be filled by the next highest placed team(s) from the continental qualification tournament or continental championship with the following rotation: Asia, Americas, Europe, Oceania and Africa.

BL 9.3.10.8 World Junior Championships - Women (Age as in WPAG 2) - 20 years and under 

BL 9.3.10.8.1 The competition shall be between a maximum of sixteen (16) teams selected in the following manner: 

BL 9.3.10.8.2 The teams shall include the highest ranking team from the preceding World Junior Championships with remaining teams selected through continental qualification tournaments or continental championships according to the following formula: Host - 1; Europe - 6; Americas - 4; Asia - 2; Oceania - 2 and Africa 1. The highest ranking team from the preceding World Junior Championships will be considered to be a representative of that continent for the purpose of the formula. 

BL 9.3.10.8.3 The highest qualifying team(s) from the continental qualification tournament or continental championships shall be entitled to represent that continent; if any team does not accept, then the next highest ranking team from the continental qualification tournament or continental championships shall be entitled to represent that continent. 

BL 9.3.10.8.4 If there is an unfilled vacancy from a continent, then that vacancy shall be filled by the next highest placed team(s) from the continental qualification tournament or continental championships with the following rotation: Asia, Americas, Europe, Oceania and Africa.

BL 9.3.10.9 World Youth Championships - Men (Age as in WPAG 2) - 18 years and under 

BL 9.3.10.9.1 The competition may be between either a maximum of sixteen (16) teams or a maximum of twenty (20) teams.

BL 9.3.10.9.2 For a sixteen (16) team competition, the competition must occur at one site; for a twenty (20) team competition, the competition may occur at two (2) sites in one country. A host may bid for either a sixteen (16) team or a twenty (20) team competition. The host country will be responsible for the transportation of the teams from one site to another as required. This transportation will be at the expense of the host country. 

BL 9.3.10.9.3 In the case of a maximum sixteen (16) team competition, the teams shall include the highest ranking team from the preceding World Youth Championships with the remaining teams selected through continental qualification tournaments or continental championships according to the following formula: Host – 1; Europe – 6; Americas – 4; Asia – 2; Oceania – 2 and Africa 1. The highest ranking team from the preceding World Youth Championships will be considered to be a representative of that continent for the purpose of the formula. 

BL 9.3.10.9.4 In the case of a maximum twenty (20) team competition, the teams shall include the highest ranking team from the preceding World Youth Championships with the remaining teams selected through continental qualification tournaments or continental championships according to the following formula: Host – 1; Europe – 7; Americas – 5; Asia – 3; Africa 2; and Oceania – 2. The highest ranking team from the preceding World Youth 3 Championships will be considered to be a representative of that continent for the purpose of the formula.

BL 9.3.10.9.5 The highest qualifying team(s) from the continental qualification tournament or continental championships shall be entitled to represent that continent; if any team does not accept, then the next highest ranking team willing to accept and participate in the World Youth Championships shall qualify. 

BL 9.3.10.9.6 For a maximum sixteen (16) team competition, if there is an unfilled vacancy from a continent, then that vacancy shall be filled by the next highest placed team(s) from the continental qualification tournament or continental championship with the following rotation: Asia, Americas, Europe, Oceania and Africa. 

BL 9.3.10.9.7 For a maximum twenty (20) team competition, if there is an unfilled vacancy from a continent, then that vacancy shall be filled by the next highest placed team(s) from the continental qualification tournament or continental championship with the following rotation: Asia, Americas, Europe, Oceania and Africa.

BL 9.3.10.10 World Youth Championships Women (Age as in WPAG 2) - 18 years and under 

BL 9.3.10.10.1 The competition shall be between a maximum of sixteen (16) teams selected in the following manner: 

BL 9.3.10.10.2 The teams shall include the highest ranking team from the preceding World Youth Championships with remaining teams selected through continental qualification tournaments or continental championships according to the following formula: Host – 1; Europe – 6; Americas – 4; Asia – 2; Oceania – 2 and Africa 1. The highest ranking team from the preceding World Youth Championships will be considered to be a representative of that continent for the purpose of the formula. 

BL 9.3.10.10.3 The highest qualifying team(s) from the continental qualification tournament or continental championships shall be entitled to represent that continent; if any team does not accept, then the next highest ranking team from the continental qualification tournament or continental championships shall be entitled to represent that continent. 

BL 9.3.10.10.4 If there is an unfilled vacancy from a continent, then that vacancy shall be filled by the next highest placed team(s) from the continental qualification tournament or continental championships with the following rotation: Asia, Americas, Europe, Oceania and Africa.

BL 9.3.10.11 Organisation of Continental Qualification Tournaments 

Each continental body shall hold its Qualification Tournament or Championships to determine its continental representatives no later than three months before the beginning of the World Championships or Olympic Games Qualification Tournament as applicable. 

BL 9.4 Water Polo Tournaments at Olympic Games and World Championships 

BL 9.4.1 Olympic Games Tournament - Men 

BL 9.4.1.1 Draw 

The draw for the Olympic Games Tournament will be either on the last day of the Olympic Games Qualification Tournament - Men or as otherwise determined and the following principle shall apply: if a team is already qualified by its ranking from a preceding qualification competition, the team will be placed on the highest line of the draw according to that ranking and the team taking its place will be placed on the lower line. 

For the Preliminary Round, all qualifying teams will be drawn by pairs into two groups, either A or B.

First Line, the first and second placed teams from the previous World Championship will be drawn, one into A, and one into B. 

Second Line, the team qualified from the preceding year’s World League and the team representing the Continent of Europe will be drawn, one into A, and one into B. 

Third Line, the teams representing the Continents of America and Oceania will be drawn, one into A, and one into B. 

Fourth Line, the teams representing the Continents of Africa and Asia will be drawn, one into A, and one into B.

Fifth Line, the first and second placed teams from the Olympic Games Qualification Tournament - Men will be drawn, one into A, and one into B. 

Sixth Line, the third placed team in the Olympic Games Qualification Tournament - Men and the team representing the Host Country will be drawn, one into A, and one into B. 

Should there be no teams from the previous Championships to seed onto a Line then the highest ranked teams for Europe, Americas, Asia, Africa or Oceania if any, shall be drawn alternating between Group A and Group B. 

After being divided into group A and group B, the teams will then be drawn with each team in each group receiving a separate number from one (1) to six (6). 

BL 9.4.1.2 Schedule of Games (Men’s Tournament) 

Preliminary Round: 

There will be two (2) groups of six (6) teams, which form groups A and B. 

Each group will play a round robin. The four (4) highest ranked teams in each group will qualify for the Quarter Final Round. The fifth and sixth ranked teams in each group will be eliminated and will not play anymore.

Quarter Final Round: 

The first, second, third and fourth placed teams in Group A and Group B form a Group D of eight (8) teams. Group D plays a modified single elimination format. 

Games played in the Preliminary Round may be repeated in the Quarter Final, Semi Final or Final Round. All games played in Group D must be played so that a definite winner is declared. Accordingly, it may be necessary to apply the Water Polo Rules relating to penalty shoot-out. 

Places 11 - 12 

The teams ranked sixth in each group of the Preliminary Round shall be classified for places 11 - 12 according to the following criteria: 

1. Win-loss record in their Preliminary Round group. 

2. If both teams have the same win-loss record, the classification will be determined by goal average (goals scored divided by games played) taking into account the results of all games played in the respective group.