People's Republic of China The capital city of Zhejiang province and its economic, cultural, science and educational center, Hangzhou is one of the central cities in the Yangtze River Delta. It also is a popular City of Scenic Tourism, ranking among the first batch of National Historical and Cultural Cities crowned by the State Council. Located in the southern wing of the Yangtze River Delta, western tip of the Hangzhou Bay, downstream of the Qiantang River, and the southern terminus of the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal, Hangzhou stands as a vital transport hub in southeast China. Latitude30°16’North and longitude120°12’East are the geographic coordinates of downtown Hangzhou.

A perfect blending of hill and water, and lake and town, the city enjoys rich water resources, with a ubiquitous yet harmonious presence of rivers, canals, lakes, sea, creeks. Throughout its territory, hilly or mountainous areas account for 65.6%0 and are largely concentrated in the west, middle and south; Plains amount to 26.4%0, mainly found in the northeast; surface area of rivers, lakes and reservoirs take up 8.0%. Traversing the city is the world's longest artificial canal ---- the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal, and the Qiantang River, widely known for its spectacular tidal waves.

At the year-end of 2016,Hangzhou boasts a resident population of 9.19million,showing a growth of 170,000 against the end of the year before.Aiming the total population,7 million are urban residents,accounting for 76.2﹪;The population density is at 554 per square km;the birth rate is shown to be at 11.1‰,mortality rate at5.1‰,and a natural growth rate at6.0‰.The city’s registered residents number7.36 million,including an urban population of 4.69 million,whose birth rate is at 13.21‰,death rate at 6.05‰,with a natural growth rate 7.16‰.

Hangzhou is proud itself of profound historical culture. For millenniums, the Hangzhou Culture, as represented by the West Lake, Grand Canal, and Qiantang River cultures, has featured fusion in the opening to the outside world and development in creation and innovation. Absorbing the cream of cultures of different eras, including those of the Kuahu Bridge, the Liangzhu, the Wuyue, the Southern Song, the Ming and Qing and the ROC, the West Lake Culture integrates the diversity of landscaping, gardening, religious, architecture, celebrity, folkways, silk, tea, and gourmet cultures to showcase its characteristic exquisiteness, harmony and elegance; while the Canal Culture features a blending of local elements, such as property, waterscape, traditional opera, and temple fair cultures to reflect Hangzhou Culture's openness, inclusiveness and closeness to folk life;

The Qiantang River Culture, like the surging tide of the river, symbolizes the broad mindedness and open spirit of the people of Hangzhou.