C 12 SANCTIONS
C 12.1 Any Member, Member of a Member or individual member of a Member may be sanctioned.
C 12.1.1 if duties and financial obligations to FINA are not fulfilled, or
C 12.1.2 in case of violation of the Constitution, Rules, and/or decisions of the Congresses, or
C 12.1.3 for bringing the sport into disrepute
C 12.2 Sanctions are:
C 12.2.1 warning
C 12.2.2 fine
C 12.2.3 suspension
C 12.2.4 expulsion
C 12.3 Sanctions shall be imposed by the FINA Executive.
C 12.4 Any sanction imposed on a competitor or a person by FINA, a Member or by a FINA recognised body shall be recognised and enforced by all Members.
C 12.5 In cases in consequence of doping control, sanctions shall be applied by the FINA Doping Panel, Rule C 21.1 - 8.
C 12.6 In cases of disciplinary nature (FINA Rule C 22) sanctions shall be applied by the FINA Disciplinary Panel.
C 12.7 Before any Member or individual is sanctioned, except in the case of C 11 or in cases in consequence of doping control (C 21.5) or in cases of disciplinary nature (C 22.4), the individual or a representative of the Member must be given the right to appear before the Executive either in person or in writing. The Honorary Secretary of FINA shall inform the respective Member or individual about this right, in writing, in sufficient time to allow the Member or individual to exercise this right.
C 12.8 Sanctions shall be in force immediately upon the decision being made unless the deciding body rules otherwise.
C 12.9 Appeals
C 12.9.1 A Member, Member of a Member or individual sanctioned by the Executive may appeal to the Bureau.
C 12.9.2 An appeal shall be submitted by the appealing party to the FINA Office within twenty-one (21) days from the date of receipt of the decision.
C 12.9.3 An appeal against a decision by the Bureau or the FINA Doping Panel or the Disciplinary Panel shall be referred to the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS), Lausanne, Switzerland, within the same term as in C 12.9.2 The only appeal from a decision of the Doping Panel or the Disciplinary Panel shall be to the CAS. The CAS shall also have exclusive jurisdiction over interlocutory orders and no other court or tribunal shall have authority to issue interlocutory orders relating to matters before the CAS. Decisions by the CAS shall be final and binding, subject only to the provisions of the Swiss Private International Law Act, section 190.